Mangoverde :: World Bird Guide :: Loons :: Common Loon
Common Loon Gavia immer
Described by: Bruennich (1764)
Alternate common name(s): Great Northern Loon, Great Northern Diver, Black-billed Loon, Polar Loon
Old scientific name(s): None known by website authors
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RangeNearctic; Ex. nw and ne. Palearctic;
Breeds mainly between 48° N and the Arctic Circle; Alaska (w. Aleutians, Seward Peninsula and s. of the Brooks Range) through Canada from the n. Yukon, Northwest Territories (nw. and s. Mackenzie, c. Keewatin), n. Manitoba, n. Ontario, along the s. and e. shores of Hudson Bay to s. Baffin Is., Labrador, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland s. to the n. border states of the United States from coastal Oregon, Nevada, nw. Montana, nw. Wyoming (Yellowstone), n. North Dakota, n. Iowa, n. Illinois, n. Indiana, n. Ohio, n. Pennsylvania, n. New York and s. New England and coastal Greenland, Iceland and Bear Is. (n. of Norway).
Winter: Alaska (Aleutians) along the Pacific coast of Canada (British Columbia) through the United States to n. Mexico (Baja and Sonora) and along the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coast from Newfoundland to Texas. In the Palearctic, primarily Iceland, but a few reach Ireland, Scotland, Norway, England, n. France, Belgium, w. Netherlands, w. Denmark and rarely Portugal and n. and Mediterranean Spain.
North America n. of Mexican border
Summer: mainly between 48°N and the Arctic Circle. ALK (w. Aleutians, Seward Peninsula and s. of the Brooks Range), n. YUK, NWT, (nw. and s. MAC, Mackenzie Delta, Great Bear and Great Slave Lakes to c. KEE), BCO, s. ALB, s. SAS, n. MAN, n. ONT (along the s. and e. shores of Hudson Bay), QUE (to se. Baffin Is.), LAB, NFD, NBR, PEI, NSC, Greenland s. to ne. WAS, coastal ORG, n. IDH, nw. MON, nw. WYO (Yellowstone), n. NDK, ne. MIN, c. WIS, n. IWA, n. ILL, n. IND, MIC, n. OHO, n. PEN, n. NYK, c. VMT, c. NHP, s. MAE;
Winter: coastal ALK, BCO, WAS, ORG, CAL, w. ARZ, Great Lakes (rare), NFD, NSC, PEI, NBR, MAE, NHP, MAS, RID, CNT, NYK, NJY, MYD, DEL, VIR, NCA, SCA, GEO, FLA, ALA, MIS, LOU, TEX.
No videos are available for this species
Location unknown - Date unknown Source: USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Location unknown - Date unknown Source: NatureSound Studio
Location unknown - Date unknown Source: ETI BioInformatics
Clements, James F. Birds of the World: A Checklist. Vista, CA: Ibis Publishing Company, 2000.
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