Mangoverde :: World Bird Guide :: Ducks, Geese and Swans :: Tundra Swan

Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus

Described by: Ord (1815)
Alternate common name(s): Whistling Swan, Bewick's Swan, Jankowski's Swan, Alpheraky's Swan
Old scientific name(s): Olor columbianus, Cygnus bewickii


Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan - Jan 31, 2004 © William Hull  Izumi, Kagoshima-ken, Japan - Feb 10, 2002 © William Hull  Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan - Jan 31, 2004 © William Hull  Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge, North Carolina, USA - Aug 13, 2002 © Glen Tepke  Eede, Netherlands - Dec 10, 2002 © Yves Baptiste 
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N. Holarctic;
Two populations;
(1) Breeds from ne. Siberia (Chukotski Peninsula), nw. Alaska (St. Lawrence, Alaska Peninsula and Kodiak Is.) through n. Canada along the arctic coast and including s. Banks Is., s. Victoria Is., King William Is. to Southampton Is. in the mouth of Hudson Bay and s. Baffin Is. and s. in Hudson Bay to ne. Manitoba (Churchill) and Belcher Is.
Winters along coasts from the tip of the Alaskan Peninsula, sc. Alaska, sw. Canada (British Columbia), w. United States (nw. Washington, California in the Central Valley e. to the Great Salt Lake of Utah) and on the e. coast from Chesapeake Bay s. to Currituck Sound.
(2) Breeds in n. Russia from Pechora Bay, Kolguyev and Vaygach Is. and s. Novaya Zemlya e. to nc. Siberia (Lena River). Winters in Ireland, Scotland, England, France (Brittany, Loire Valley in the vicinity of Angers and the Camargue since mid 1960's), Netherlands, Denmark, n. Germany and n. Iran (s. Caspian Sea and Lake Rezaiyeh). (3) Breeds from nc. Siberia e. to the Chukotski Peninsula.
Winters in e. Siberia (Kamchatka Peninsula, Kuril Is.), Japan (Honshu), s. Korea, China (migrates through Mongolia, Orog Nor, Manchuria, nw. Kansu on Koko Nor and Tsinghai in Zaidam to the middle and lower Yangtze River and along the coast rarely to n. Kwangtung) and Taiwan.
North America n. of Mexican border
Summer: w. and ne. ALK, n. Canada in n. YUK, n. and c. NWT (MAC and KEE), s. Banks Is. (Sachs Harbor), s. Victoria Is. (Prince Albert Sound, Cambridge Bay), King William Is., c. Baffin Is., Southampton Is., is. in the Hudson Bay (Mansel, Nottingham and Belcher Is.) and ne. MAN (Churchill);
Winter: along the Pacific coast from ALK (tip of Alaskan Peninsula, s. ALK), sw. Canada (s. BCO on the s. Thompson River near Chase), w. WAS, w. ORG, nw. CAL (Central Valley). Inland in the Great Basin from ne. CAL, w. NEV, w. MON, w. WYO, e. IDH, n. UTH (Great Salt Lake). Sw. ARZ (lower Colorado River). Se. NMX. Along the Atlantic coast from s. NJY, DEL, MYD and VIR (Chesapeake Bay), NCA (Swanquarter); Migrates through the Prairie Provences (ALB, SAS, MAN, w. ONT), NDK, SDK, MIN, WIS, n. ILL, n. IND, n. OHO, MIC (Great Lakes region), PEN to the Delaware and Chesapeake Bays.


Izumi, Kagoshima-ken, Japan - Feb 10, 2002 Source: William Hull
Description: Bird is flapping its wings while standing in a field with another bird.

Izumi, Kagoshima-ken, Japan - Feb 10, 2002 Source: William Hull
Description: Birds are feeding in a stubble field.


Location unknown - Date unknown Source: USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Location unknown - Date unknown Source: ETI BioInformatics


Clements, James F. Birds of the World: A Checklist. Vista, CA: Ibis Publishing Company, 2000.


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