Mangoverde :: World Bird Guide :: Pheasants and Partridges :: Chukar

Chukar Alectoris chukar

Described by: Gray, J. E. (1830)
Alternate common name(s): Chukar Partridge, Chukor
Old scientific name(s): Alectoris kakelik

Photographs

Hula Valley, Israel - Mar, 2001 © Alain Fossť  Hula Valley, Israel - Mar, 2001 © Alain Fossť  Eilat, Israel - 1998 © Kees Bakker  Maui Island, Hawaii, USA - Mar 18, 2008 © John Diener 
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Range

Arid regions from se. Europe across c. Asia;
(1) Ne. Greece e. of Komotini and islands in n. Aegean Sea and se. Bulgaria to n. Turkey (Koru range and Tekir range).
(2) S. Turkey, Cyprus, islands in s. Aegean Sea (Crete and Rhodes) and s. Greek Is. (Kikladhes Is.).
(3) E. Turkey to the Caucasus Mountains of Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan and s. Kurdistan, ne., n. and w. Iran (foothills of the Zagros Mountains, Elburz Mountains).
(4) Desert of n. Syria, Lebanon, Israel (Eilat, Hula Valley) and Palestine s. to the Sinai Peninsula, w. Jordan, and nw. Saudi Arabia. Isolated population along the Strait of Hormuz, Musandam, Oman, which may have been introduced long ago.
(5) E. Iraq and sw. Iran.
(6) E. Iran (Kopet Dagh), w. and s. Afghanistan, and w. Pakistan.
(7) C. Turkmenistan, sw. and se. Kazakhstan n. to the Mangyshlak Peninsula, n. Afghanistan, c. Uzbekistan, sw. Tadjikistan (Vargod River, Kyzylkum Mountains).
(8) Se. Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, s. Uzbekistan s. to nc. Afghanistan and e. to ex. nw. China (w. Xinjiang (Sinkiang) in the Pamir Mountains, Altai Mountains, w. and c. Tien Shan.
(9) Ne. Kazakhstan in e. Tien Shan, Zaysan basin to Altai Mountains, sc. Siberia (Tuva Republic), nw. Mongolia (w. Tannu Ola Mountains) and ex. nw. China (Xinjiang in the Tarbagatai Mountains) and e. Tibet(?).
(10) Ne. Afghanistan (s. Pamir Mountains), n. Pakistan (Karakorums), nw. India (Ladakh) and w. Tibet.
(11) Nw. China (w. and s. Xinjiang (Tarim Basin e. to w. Nan Shan).
(12) Nw. China (nw. Xinjiang along the s. slope of the e. Tien Shan).
(13) Foothill of w. Himalayas of e. Afghanistan e. to Pakistan (Kirthar Range, Sind, Salt Range, and Margallas, Punjab), n. India (Kashmir), c. Nepal, n. and w. Tibet.
(14) N. China from w. Qinghai, se. Gansu, Shaanxi, Shanxi, and w. Sichuan ne. through s. Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongol Zizhiqu), Hebei to s. Manchuria (Liaoning) and n. Shandong.
(15) Sw. Mongolia e. to the Gobian Altai and n. to the Khangai Mountains, and n. China (ne. Xinjiang, n. Gansu, and n. Ningxia).
Introduced in United Kingdom, Ukraine (Crimea), UAE, Bahrain, and Qatar, w. North America (ex. sw. Canada and w. United States), Mexico, St. Helena Is., Robbens Is. off South Africa and New Zealand (mostly South Island). These birds have been mixtures of this species and Rock Partridges. Birds introduce to the Hawaiian Is. are known to have derived exclusively from this species;
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North America n. of Mexican border;
Summer and winter: Great Basin region of sw. Canada (ex. sc. BCO), c. and e. WAS, c. and e. ORG, sw. and s. IDH, ne. and c. CAL, NEV, ex. n. ARZ, UTH, sw. to nc. WYO, ex. sc. MON, and w. COL. Widely stocked outside this range for hunting.

Videos

No videos are available for this species

Sounds

Location unknown - Date unknown Source: ETI BioInformatics

References

Clements, James F. Birds of the World: A Checklist. Vista, CA: Ibis Publishing Company, 2000.

Comments/Errors

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