Mangoverde :: World Bird Guide :: Ostrich :: Ostrich

Ostrich Struthio camelus

Described by: Linnaeus (1758)
Alternate common name(s): Common Ostrich, Somali Ostrich, African Ostrich, North African Ostrich, Massai Ostrich, Southern Ostrich, Arabian Ostrich, South African Ostrich
Old scientific name(s): None known by website authors


Location unknown - Date unknown © Dan Marsh  Sulaibikhat Nature Reserve, Kuwait - Jun 10, 2009 © Glen Tepke  Sulaibikhat Nature Reserve, Kuwait - Jun 10, 2009 © Glen Tepke  Sulaibikhat Nature Reserve, Kuwait - Jun 10, 2009 © Glen Tepke  Buffalo Springs, Kenya - Jun 9, 2009 © Glen Tepke 
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Middle East (formerly); Nw. Africa to e. Africa; Nw. s. Africa;
Three populations;
(1) Formerly in the deserts of Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain and the Empty Quarter of Saudi Arabia.
(2) Formerly in Sahel zone from the w. Sahara (s. Morocco, s. Mauritania, n. Senegal) s. of the Sahara in c. Mali, Niger, n. Nigeria, Cameroon, c. Chad, n. Central African Republic, Sudan, ne. and sw. Ethiopia (Awash Valley and Omo River), ex. n. Uganda and ex. n. Kenya.
(3) Ne. Ethiopia and Somalia w. to near the Awash Valley and Omo River then s. in ex. se. Sudan and ex. ne. Kenya w. of the Tana River to Tsavo East National Park.
(4) E. Kenya s. of Tsavo East National Park w. to s. Samburu District and s. to n. Tanzania (Katavi Grasslands, Ngorongoro Conservation Area).
(5) S. of the Cunene and Zambezi Rivers from s. Angola, Namibia (Erongo Mountains, Etosha National Park), ex. sw. Zambia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, sw. Mozambique, n. and ne. South Africa (Cape Province). Either (5) or (1)x(5) hybrids introduced to South Australia (Emeroo Station 16km ne. of Port Augusta). Birds of unknown race are being reintroduced at Shaumari Wildlife Reserve, Jordan. Released in Negev Desert, s. Israel in 1973. Ostrich farms exist in South Africa, s. Australia (n. of Port Augusta) and Florida.


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Clements, James F. Birds of the World: A Checklist. Vista, CA: Ibis Publishing Company, 2000.


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